Spain has such a variety of landmarks and locations that foreigners continue to buy, rent, invest into, and sell properties across the country. With this article on real estate vocabulary, I will try to help you understand the most common words you will find in real estate advertisements. There are other articles dedicated on Spanish furniture and Spanish real estate law glossary. If you want to suggest a term, send me an email.
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Chess is the Brocken spectre of geostrategy.
The “spectre” appears when the sun shines from behind the observer, who is looking down from a ridge or peak into mist or fog. The light projects their shadow through the mist, often in a triangular shape due to perspective. A Brocken spectre within glory rings
A semi-artificial Brocken spectre created by standing in front of the headlight of a car, on a foggy night.
The “spectre” appears when the sun shines from behind the observer, who is looking down from a ridge or peak into mist or fog. The light projects their shadow through the mist, often in a triangular shape due to perspective. The apparent magnification of size of the shadow is an optical illusion that occurs when the observer judges their shadow on relatively nearby clouds to be at the same distance as faraway land objects seen through gaps in the clouds, or when there are no reference points by which to judge its size. The shadow also falls on water droplets of varying distances from the eye, confusing depth perception. The ghost can appear to move (sometimes suddenly) because of the movement of the cloud layer and variations in density within the cloud.
References in popular culture and the arts
Samuel Taylor Coleridge’s poem “Constancy to an Ideal Object” concludes with an image of the Brocken spectre:
And art thou nothing? Such thou art, as when
The woodman winding westward up the glen
At wintry dawn, where o’er the sheep-track’s maze
The viewless snow-mist weaves a glist’ning haze,
Sees full before him, gliding without tread,
An image with a glory round its head;
The enamoured rustic worships its fair hues,
Nor knows he makes the shadow he pursues!
Another night Brocken spectre created by high lights of a car.
Lewis Carroll’s “Phantasmagoria” includes a line about a Spectre who “…tried the Brocken business first/but caught a sort of chill/so came to England to be nursed/and here it took the form of thirst/which he complains of still.”
Stanisław Lem’s Fiasco (1986) has a reference to the “Brocken Specter” (sic): “He was alone. He had been chasing himself. Not a common phenomenon, but known even on Earth. The Brocken Specter in the Alps, for example.” The situation, of pursuing one’s self, via a natural illusion is a repeated theme in Lem. A scene of significance in his book The Investigation (1975) depicts a detective who, within the confines of a snowy, dead-end alley, confronts a man who turns out to be the detective’s own reflection, “The stranger… was himself. He was standing in front of a huge mirrored wall marking the end of the arcade.”
In The Radiant Warrior (1989), part of Leo Frankowski’s Conrad Stargard series, the protagonist uses the Brocken Spectre to instill confidence in his recruits.
The Brocken spectre is a key trope in Paul Beatty’s The White Boy Shuffle (1996), in which a character, Nicholas Scoby, declares that his dream (he specifically calls it a “Dream and a half, really”) is to see his glory through a Brocken spectre (69).
In James Hogg’s novel The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner (1824) the Brocken spectre is used to suggest psychological horror.
Shadow of an airplane cast by the sun on nearby clouds
Brocken spectre observed from a plane.
A solar glory and brocken spectre from Crib Goch in 2008
Carl Jung in Memories, Dreams, Reflections wrote:
… I had a dream which both frightened and encouraged me. It was night in some unknown place, and I was making slow and painful headway against a mighty wind. Dense fog was flying along everywhere. I had my hands cupped around a tiny light which threatened to go out at any moment… Suddenly I had the feeling that something was coming up behind me. I looked back, and saw a gigantic black figure following me… When I awoke I realized at once that the figure was a “specter of the Brocken,” my own shadow on the swirling mists, brought into being by the little light I was carrying.
In Gravity’s Rainbow, Geli Tripping and Slothrop make “god-shadows” from a Harz precipice, as Walpurgisnacht wanes to dawn. Additionally, the French–Canadian quadruple agent Rémy Marathe muses episodically about the possibility of witnessing the fabled spectre on the mountains of Tucson in David Foster Wallace’s novel Infinite Jest.
The explorer Eric Shipton saw a Brocken Spectre during his first ascent of Nelion on Mount Kenya with Percy Wyn-Harris and Gustav Sommerfelt in 1929. He wrote:
Then the towering buttresses of Batian and Nelion appeared; the rays of the setting sun broke through and, in the east, sharply defined, a great circle of rainbow colours framed our own silhouettes. It was the only perfect Brocken Spectre I have ever seen.
The progressive metal band Fates Warning makes numerous references to the Brocken Spectre in both their debut album title Night on Bröcken and in lyrics on a subsequent song called “The Sorceress” from the album Awaken the Guardian that read “Through the Brocken Spectre rose a luring Angel.”
The design of Kriemhild Gretchen, a Witch in the anime series Puella Magi Madoka Magica, may have been inspired by the Brocken spectre.
In Charles Dickens’s Little Dorrit, Book II Chapter 23, Flora Finching, in the course of one of her typically free-associative babbles to Mr Clennam, says ” … ere yet Mr F appeared a misty shadow on the horizon paying attentions like the well-known spectre of some place in Germany beginning with a B … ”
“Brocken Spectre” is the title of a track on David Tipper’s 2010 album Broken Soul Jamboree.
In the manga and anime Tensou Sentai Goseiger, Brocken Spectres were one of the enemies that Gosei Angels must face.
In the manga One Piece, Brocken spectres make an appearance in the Skypiea story arc.
In the anime Detective Conan, Brocken spectres are mentioned in episode 348 and episode 546 as well.
In “The Problem of Pain” by C.S. Lewis the Brocken spectre is mentioned in the chapter “Heaven.”
In chapter 12 of Dorothy L. Sayers Whose Body? (Lord Peter Wimsey)
A Brocken spectre (German: Brockengespenst), also called Brocken bow, mountain spectre, or spectre of the Brocken is the magnified (and apparently enormous) shadow of an observer cast upon clouds opposite the Sun’s direction. The figure’s head is often surrounded by the halo-like rings of coloured light forming a glory, which appears opposite the Sun’s direction when uniformly-sized water droplets in clouds refract and backscatter sunlight.
The phenomenon can appear on any misty mountainside, cloud bank, or from an airplane, but the frequent fogs and low-altitude accessibility of the Brocken, a peak in the Harz Mountains in Germany, have created a local legend from which the phenomenon draws its name. The Brocken spectre was observed and described by Johann Silberschlag in 1780, and has since been recorded often in literature about the region.
Geostrategy, a subfield of geopolitics, is a type of foreign policy guided primarily by geographic factors that inform, constrain, or affect political and military planning. Chess teaches players how to manage options so threats don’t become more damaging than actions. However, much like an observer’s large shadow cast upon clouds opposite the Sun’s direction, players cannot take advantage of any geostrategic application while playing. The “specter” appears only in post-game analysis, thus allowing a person to project the future beyond the present as if capturing a ghost of oneself while still alive. Here, the optics is transgressed into a cognitive phenomenon, confusing the depth perception of the results with each new perspective since the dexterity grows with age in the same way that the pragmatic notation becomes a true map for decision making once the coordinates are clearly set. In simpler words, you can play chess without politics, but you can’t do politics without chess, especially when you don’t recognize simultaneous games.
All optical phenomena coincide with quantum phenomena. Common optical phenomena are often due to the interaction of light from the sun or moon with the atmosphere, clouds, water, dust, and other particulates. One common example is the rainbow, when light from the sun is reflected and refracted by water droplets. Some phenomena, such as the green ray, are so rare they are sometimes thought to be mythical. Others, such as Fata Morganas, are commonplace in favored locations.
Chess is the epicenter of integrated inclusive segregation.
Represented at the extremes, Black has to think like White and White has to think like Black but both sides are to maintain a kind of the Mr. Robot mindset to score. Furthermore, the flanks can flip the board, but neither one decides its own pieces fate as integration ensures segregation first for strategy to succeed. Forcing one to choose a side in order to play, in both chess and politics the spectator becomes a player and the player shifts to a mere instrument. Yet, you can hold a piece in the hand but can never grasp Time as Time is indomitable.
Chess is the brightest STAR in the SKY
Chess is the brightest STAR in the SKY (STAR stands for Situation, Task, Action, Result Technique and SKY: Spectral Karyotype). Learning an instrument is known to activate the same parts of the brain as learning chess. Chess rewires the brain in such a way that an individual becomes a team player where individuality is the most important. In other words, understanding that all actions, however repeatable, are unique and the result of a sequence, it also follows that a player’s pieces cannot become equally replaceable in the absence of a unique promotion reserved for the weakest but most numerous piece.
Chess is conditional and conditioned
Just like our use of technology, whoever the player is, each game is conditioned by a large number of factors that have to coincide in the same time and space. None of the conditions is isolated and all at the same time condition the rest.
Chess is history. It is a way to either conceal or speed up communication since it acts in a similar way to false friends, whether in linguistics or politcs.
Chess is classical logic. A chess master becomes a master of the false dichotomy, an argument where only two options are presented, say the players, but more exist as a spectrum of possible options between two extremes.
Chess is black-and-white thinking, literally and methaphorically. However you use it, it will make you value skipping choices better.
Chess is the future. No matter what you do, whether you win, lose or tie, you will always be covering the integrity of that chessboard while physically never form part of it. This is what we call virtual reality, this is what Meta and Neuralink are all about.
Chess plus linguistics equals politics in its crudest version, and it is chess Spanish schools need the more. As presented in this acronym talk, we shouldn’t go for one of the extreme solutions when we can properly adjust the rheostat and triptych.
Chess plus linguistics is equal to politics in its rawest version, and chess is what Spanish schools need most. As presented in this acronym talk, we should not go for one of the extreme solutions when we can properly adjust the rheostat and triptych.
|Author||Mares P. W.|
|Date||August 8, 2021|
|Topic||Education, Spanish language, Language learning, Spanish culture|
|Reading Level||College Graduate|